What is EMG?
It means printing electrical signals from nervesand muscles. The needle electrode is called a special recording electrodesimmersed in the muscle arrow and the electrical signals on the muscle fibers tobe recorded.
EMG in Which Situations?
Metabolic complaints such as diabetes, B12vitamine, folic acid deficiency
-To work in works related to toxic substances
Diseases of the immune system
- Critical reasons
What is EEG?
The electrical conductivity of your skin isimportant because it will connect the electrodes to your body and yourscalp.Therefore, after washing your hair, do not apply hair conditioner, sprayand jelly. The EEG, made with electrodes adhered to the skin, is ALL INITIALANALYSIS METHOD.
In whichcase EEG is performed??
-Consulting and perception disorders
- Disorders, attention disorders
- Some psychiatric disorders
- Inflammation of the nervous system
In whatsituations is it necessary?
The normal electrical activity of the brain is disrupted in many cases,particularly epilepsy (epilepsy). Evaluation of brain waves forming the EEG andthe location and shape of this disorder are obtained. In the investigation ofthe causes of headaches and the evaluation of brain functions in many nervediseases other than epilepsy, an EEG examination is used.
Computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) do notprovide information on the electrical activity of the brain. In particular, theinvestigation of the causes of fainting, the diagnosis of epilepsy disease andthe determination of the type of treatment will determine the method ofexamination EEG.
How is EEG extraction done?
The electrical activity of the brain is transmitted to the EEG device viasmall metal electrodes placed on the scalp of the patient and the data isrecorded to the computer for an average of 20 minutes.During shooting, thepatient is not supplied with electricity and the patient does not experienceany pain.In order to obtain a quality-free recording without interference, thepatient should keep his / her eyes closed, loose the jaw and neck musclesduring the shooting, and should be as still as possible.
EEG capture in sleep
Sleep helps in the development of abnormal electrical activity in thebrain. In the event that the EEG performed for 20 minutes in case ofwakefulness for a diagnosis of epilepsy does not provide sufficientinformation, EEG is performed during sleep. Sleep EEG is one of the mostcommonly used methods of activation. Anesthetic agent should not be preferredbecause it affects brain activity and suppresses possible electricaldischarges.
The patient's sleeplessness in the night before this kind of attractionis beneficial because it will facilitate daytime sleep and increase thelikelihood of abnormal brain waves.
While ComingTo The Test
It is useful to wash the hair on the morning of the shooting day in orderto ensure that the EEG examination is free of interference. If there are drugsused continuously, drugs will continue to be used on the day of shooting, andit will be appropriate to inform the physician about the EEG.
What is EMG?
Electrical and electrical monitoring of the nerves and muscles in ourbody. By using a linear electric current that does not disturb the patientmuch, the electrical conduction functions of the nerves and the potentials thatthe muscles produce by this electrical discharge are measured.
In whichcase is EMG required?
• Nerve jams
• Waist and neck hernia
• Tables of numbness and burning in the arms and legs
• Facial palsies
• Diagnosis of diseases that disrupt the function of nerves (metabolicdiseases such as diabetes)
• Diagnosis of muscle diseases
• It is performed for the diagnosis of spinal cord diseases with musclemelting.
• In the neurological examination of the EMG, the head, arms, legs andperipheral nerves on the body function normally. In this method, the nervesthat perform the "feel" and "movement" function areexamined separately. His nerves (sensory nerves) allow us to feel the contactscoming from the environment, to feel that something we touch is cold or hot.Movement nerves (motor nerves) move the muscle or spinal cord movement ordersto the muscles, so that the muscles contract, so the movement tests.In theexamination of nodal nerves, linear electrical current is given at one end ofthe nerve which will not disturb the patient much, and at the other end, thispotential is recorded and analyzed with the help of computerized devices. Inthe motor nerve examinations, electricity is delivered from different parts ofthe nerve, and muscle or muscle muscles are recorded. Thus, a feeling can beunderstood whether the movement nerve is cut, cut or interrupted, whether it iscomplete or partial. In addition, this examination can determine whether thenerve can heal or how long it will improve, and whether surgery should beperformed to repair the nerve.
Muscle examination with EMG is done by inserting needle electrodes intothe muscles. The wires coming out of the handle of the electrode are connectedto the EMG instrument and allow us to see the electrical activity of themuscles on the screen. It gives an idea about whether the nerve of the examinedmuscle is broken or if it is complete or partial. In addition, if there is anabnormal condition in the muscle, it tells whether it originates from thespinal cord, the nerve root, the peripheral nerve or the muscle itself.
The EMG examination is a review that can last from about 15 minutes to 2hours, with varying duration.
While ComingTo The Test
· The patient does not need to be hungry,
· There isno harm in taking the medicines if they are regularly used. However, in specialcases it is important not to use some drugs, it is important to take a bath andpouch before shooting.
·Comfortable clothing makes inspection easier. Patients are advised to wearcomfortable things in such a way that they can comfortably open their arms orlegs. Female patients are advised not to wear pantyhose. Cream, oily lotionshould not be used.
· If thepatient has a cardiac pacemaker, it is recommended that the patient orpatient's family be warned before the examination. Hepatitis, AIDS, such as aninfectious disease or any disease that causes bleeding must be declared by thepatient before the test.